Torreon is a city in the western part of the Mexican State of Coahuila. Although the city showed a population of over 608,000 individuals in the 2010 census, when combined with the populations of the adjacent municipalities of Gomez Palacio and that of the adjacent Lerdo, Durango, the population of the metropolitan area exceeds 1.2 million. This makes Torreon and its environs the ninth largest population centers in the Mexican Republic.
In 1556, Fr. Pedro Espinareda, led the first Spanish mission to the area. The city, however, was named after a Torreon, or “big tower,” that was built to keep watch for the flooding that would occasionally affect the Rio Naza. Torreon was the recipient of an economic boom when a rail line was laid from the city to the US border at El Paso. The population of Torreon, which stood at 200 in 1892 swelled to 34,000 in 1910. The community received city status three years prior.
During the initial years of the 20th century, Torreon’s economy was based mainly on agricultural and ranching pursuits. Industrialization of the City occurred during the years of the mid-20th century. The primary activities undertaken by companies that located in the area included those dealing with the elaboration of textiles and clothing, as well as the processing of metals. Among the prominent manufacturers with a presence in Torreon today are::
- Grupo Essex de Mexico
- Takata de Mexico
- John Deer
Several universities prepare students in the metropolitan Torreon region to take their place in the region’s economy. Among them are:
- Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro (Unidad Laguna (UAAAN))
- Autonomous University of Coahuila (Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila (UAdeC))
- Universidad Autónoma de la Laguna
- Autonomous University of the Northeast (Universidad Autónoma del Noreste (UANE))
- Iberoamerican University – Torreon Campus (Universidad Iberoamericana – Campus Torreón (UIA))
- Valley of Mexico University (Universidad del Valle de México (UVM))
- Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM))
- Technological Institute of the “Laguna” (Instituto Tecnológico de la Laguna)
- TecMilenio University (Universidad TecMilenio)
- Torreon Institute of Technology (Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón)
- Torreon Technological University (Universidad Tecnológica de Torreón)
In addition to a host of shopping centers that include Galerias Laguna, Plaza Cuatro Caminos and Intermall, Torreon is home to the Arocena Museum, which opened in 2006 and houses pre-Hispanic, as well as art from the present. For sports lovers, Torreon is home to a First Division Mexico soccer team that goes by the name of Santos Laguna.
Several universities prepare students in the metropolitan Torreon region
In 1556, Fr. Pedro Espinareda, led the first Spanish mission to the area.