According to Mexico’s Secretariat of the Economy, manufacturing companies in Mexico from the same industries are grouped or “clustered” together in various geographic locales. This enables them to support each other’s production activities.
Manufacturing Companies in Mexico by Industry Clusters :
Manufacturers in the Automotive Sector:
According to information published by Mexico’s National Association of Auto Parts Manufacturers (INA), the production of the most important auto parts and components at the regional level is executed by the American manufacturing companies in Mexico that are located on the country’s northern border. The regional breakdown of the largest clusters in the auto parts industry includes those found in the border states of Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas. The Mexican automotive parts manufacturing companies that are found in these clusters account for 53.2% of the country’s total production. While another area in which US manufacturing companies in Mexico form sizable auto parts clusters is in the country’s Bajio, or central, region. Firms in Guanajuato, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Aguas Calientes, and Jalisco are the source of 28.1% of Mexican auto parts production. Companies that manufacture in Mexico are responsible for the production of most types of auto parts. This includes the production of engines and transmissions. It is estimated that by 2019 almost 780,000 Mexican workers will be employed by companies manufacturing in Mexico that are involved in the production of auto parts.
Manufacturing Companies in the Aerospace Sector:
The growth of American manufacturing companies in Mexico that produce inputs to the aerospace industry has been robust. In Mexico, there are five main clusters of aerospace suppliers. According to the Mexican Secretariat of Economics, these include manufacturing companies with factories in Mexico that are located in the states of Baja California, Chihuahua, Sonora, Queretaro, and Nuevo Leon. As of 2014, government figures demonstrated that exports from the Mexican aerospace industry’s clusters were valued at US $6 billion. It is anticipated that by 2019 this figure will rise to a total of US $11 billion dollars.
The main destinations of products produced by aerospace manufacturing companies in Mexico include the United States, Canada, and the European Union. The Secretariat of the Economy of Mexico has noted that currently, the industry provides approximately 32,000 professional jobs and that this figure is anticipated to grow by 14% over the next five years.
Also, according to Mexico’s Secretariat of the Economy, there are two areas in which manufacturing companies in Mexico are engaged in aerospace products research and development activities. These two areas are represented by the Baja California and the Center-North Mexican aerospace industry clusters. In the Baja California cluster, manufacturers in Mexico make up a complex manufacturing corridor that optimizes the supply chain that is associated with the California – Seattle aerospace cluster in the US., while companies that are located in the industry’s Center-North region grouping of Mexican aerospace manufacturers collaborate with companies located in the central and northeast regions of the United States.
Manufacturing Companies in the Medical Device Sector:
Manufacturing companies in Mexico that produce medical devices have grown at a robust and sustained pace during the last decade. The clusters where most of the country’s medical device manufacturers are located are in the states of Baja California and Chihuahua, and in Mexico’s Federal District. To a lesser degree, concentrations of manufacturers that have moved their production or companies moving to Mexico for the medical device industry can be found states such as Tamaulipas, Sonora, Nuevo Leon, Jalisco, Yucatan, the state of Mexico, and Coahuila. However, Baja California, by far, is home to the largest medical device manufacturing cluster in Mexico. Production from the state represents a full 31% of the nation’s exports of these products.
An Example List of Manufacturing Companies in Mexico by Clusters:
Prominent international and American manufacturing companies in Mexico that have a presence in the automotive sector include Grammar Automotive, Olson International, Martinrea and Robert Bosch. Among the many aerospace manufacturers in Mexico are Airbus, Bombardier, General Electric and GKN Aerospace, while in the medical device industry a partial list of manufacturing companies in Mexico includes powerhouses such as Kimberly Clark, Boston Scientific, Johnson & Johnson, 3M, and Becton Dickinson also have a presence.